THE INDIAN GOVERNMENT PUT THE INDO-US NUCLEAR DEAL ON HOLD THIS WEEK. LETS LEARN ABOUT THE HISTORY OF NUCLEAR ENERGY AND WEAPONS.
TOPIC: NUCLEAR ENERGY AND WEAPONS
1. Uranium, named after Uranus, was discovered by Martin Klaproth in 1789. In which country was it discovered?
2. What subatomic particle discovered by James Chadwick revolutionized the study of Nuclear Fission, since it could approach the nucleus without being repelled?
3. Which two nuclear physicists theorized the concept of a chain nuclear reaction to produce huge amounts of energy?
4. Which International body now regulates the export of nuclear fuels such a uranium?
5. If Uranium (Element No. 92) was named after Uranus, can you guess the names of Elements No. 93 and 94?
6. The first nuclear bomb to be dropped on Japan was named Little Boy, and the second (allegedly named after Sir Winston Churchill) was named Fat Man. How did the two differ?
7. Element No. 104, now named Rutherfordium by the general scientific community and designated Unnilquadium (un: 1, nil: 0, quad: 4) by the IUPAC, is named after American Scientist Ernst Rutherford. However, the name has a dispute behind it. What name did the Soviets want it to have?
8. Which husband-wife duo (pictured) were awarded the Nobel Prize for the discovery of Polonium and Radium, which they shared in 1903 with Professor Henri Becquerel?
9. Where did the world's greatest nuclear disaster take place on April April 26, 1986, caused by the explosion of Reactor Number 4 of the namesake Nuclear Power Plant?
10. Which International Organization of the UN received the 2005 Nobel Peace Prize?
1. Germany; 2. Neutron; 3. Otto Hann and Fritz Starssman; 4. The Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG); 5. Element No. 93 is Plutonium (after Pluto, now no longer a planet) and No. 94 is Neptunium (after Neptune); 6. Little Boy was fueled by Uranium-235 while Fat Man by Plutonium-239; 7. Kurchatovium, in honor of Igor Vasilevich Kurchatov (1903-1960), former Head of Soviet Nuclear Research [more]; 8. Marie and Pierre Curie; 9. Chernobyl, in the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (now Ukraine); 10. The International Atomic Energy Agency
Level: Moderate Good Score: 5
Read Issac Asimov's humorous essay on the Periodic Table of Elements
Source: Internet A Special Feature of OTFS